China Allows Couples To Have Three Children

For over 40 years China has maintained a controversial “one-child” policy – one of the world’s toughest family planning restrictions – that was repealed in 2016 because to broad worries about ageing workers and stagnation of the economy.

China’s family planning policy has been eased to enable couples to have a maximum of three children after a census revealed the country’s population is rapidly ageing, according to state-run media Xinhua.

In response to the country’s ageing population, China’s ruling Communist Party will relax birth restrictions, allowing all couples to have three children rather than two, according to a state news agency.

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The declaration comes as census statistics revealed that China’s working-age population has shrunk in the last decade, while the number of individuals aged 65 and up has increased, putting additional burden on the economy and society.

Despite official attempts to encourage childbearing, the National Bureau of Statistics reported this month that China’s yearly births had continued to fall to a historic low of 12 million in 2020.

According to the agency, China’s fertility rate is 1.3, which is below the threshold required to sustain a stable population.

China’s population expanded at its slowest rate since the 1960s, hitting 1.41 billion people, according to the once-in-a-decade 2020 census figures released last month.

It corresponds with a significant reduction in the number of individuals of working age, reigniting worries of a coming demographic catastrophe.

The one-child policy and a historic social preference for males have skewed China’s gender balance, leading to a generation of sex-selective abortions and abandoned newborn girls.

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